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What is a Data Center?

What is a Data Center?

A data center refers to the physical location that organizations use to store their most vital information technology equipment, applications, and information. These facilities also house, maintain, and distribute data. Because they house the most crucial network systems, data centers are an integral part of day-to-day operations of any organization. As such, the safety and the dependability of these facilities and the information that they contain is of utmost importance.

Components

Data centers are comprised of several technical elements, including, but not limited to:

  • Servers
  • Routers
  • Storage systems
  • Security devices

These components house and maintain the most fundamental systems of an organization’s IT requirements; the elements that are required to maintain the day-to-day operations of an establishment. Technology is ever-changing, and therefore, the components and design of a data center need to evolve in order to properly manage the most crucial needs of an organization.

Infrastructure

Infrastructure is also an integral part of a data center, as they ensure that the components are running properly. The infrastructures that these facilities require include:

  • Ventilation
  • Power subsystems
  • Uninterruptable power supplies (UPS)
  • Cabling
  • Backup generators in the event that power goes down

Design

The design of a data center is unique to the specific needs of the organizations that they are used to operate. While the design is, indeed, one-of-a-kind, the architecture can be defined as “internet-facing” and “internal”. Typically, the former are browser-based, support minimal applications, and support multiple users, who usually aren’t known; the latter supports fewer users and hosts larger amounts of applications, including both pre-designed and custom-built applications.

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Conclusion

Data centers are a critical component of any organization, as they play a key role in maintaining the most crucial operations that enable a business to operate on a daily basis. These facilities are ever-evolving and as technologies advance, the components, infrastructure, and design changes to ensure that they can continue to maintain these critical applications. Many establishments are transitioning to cloud-based services; furthermore, they are also working toward green initiatives in order to minimize the massive amounts of energy that they consume.

 

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